How to make a modal HTML window

Learn how to create a modal HTML window using simple code and a live example to enhance user experience on your website.

Creating a modal window in HTML is a common requirement for web developers. It allows you to display content on top of the existing page, typically used for pop-up messages, forms, or other important information.

To create a modal window in HTML, you can use a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Here's a simple example of how to create a basic modal window:

HTML Structure

First, let's start by creating the HTML structure for the modal window. We'll use a <div> element to represent the modal, and another <div> for the modal content. We'll also add a button to trigger the modal.

<button id="openModal">Open Modal</button>
<div id="modal" class="modal">
  <div class="modal-content">
    <span class="close">&times;</span>
    <p>Modal content goes here.</p>

CSS Styling

Next, we'll style the modal window using CSS. We'll set the initial display of the modal to "none" so that it's hidden by default. We'll also position it in the center of the screen using absolute positioning.

.modal {
  display: none;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);

.modal-content {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  background-color: #fff;
  padding: 20px;

JavaScript Functionality

Finally, we'll add some JavaScript to make the modal window appear when the button is clicked, and to close it when the user clicks the close button or outside the modal content.

var modal = document.getElementById('modal');
var openBtn = document.getElementById('openModal');
var closeBtn = document.getElementsByClassName('close')[0];

openBtn.onclick = function() { = 'block';

closeBtn.onclick = function() { = 'none';

window.onclick = function(event) {
  if ( == modal) { = 'none';

With this HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, you can create a simple modal window for your web page. Feel free to customize the styles and functionality to fit your specific requirements.


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